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This a quick tutorial for Installing a Raspberry Pi operating system image on an SD card. You will need another computer with an SD card reader to install the image.
Download the image
Official images for recommended operating systems are available to download from the Raspberry Pi website Downloads page.
After downloading the .zip file, unzip it to get the image file (.img).
Insert your SD card into the card reader, and then format the SD card with SD Card Formatter. Formatting options do not matter, as the formatted filesystem will be overwritten during the subsequent image writing step. The reason why we format the SD card is to make the card recognized by the operating system.
You will need an image writer to write the downloaded OS into the SD card . So download the “win32 disk imager” from here.
Insert SD card in the card reader and open Win32 Disk Imager.
- When Win32 Disk Imager opens you will see an interface like such, select the blue folder icon and navigate to the extracted image file, and open it
- Confirm The Device letter[G:/] on the Top Right corner and make sure its the SD Card drive.
- We are now ready to write the OS to the SD Card, Click on the Write Button and wait, a message pop up will show when writing is complete with a banner “Write Success“.
- Close the Win32 and SD formatter and any directory to the SD Class then safely eject the SD Card.
- Insert it into the Raspberry Pi, power it up and start the booting sequence.
- Please remember that after booting the Pi, there might be situations when the user credentials like the “username” and password will be asked. Raspberry Pi comes with a default user name and password and so always use it whenever it is being asked. The credentials are:
login: pi password: raspberry
- A configuration screen called the “Setup Options” will allow you to gain access to some internal functions.
- Run this command line from the terminal
- A window will launch containing the Configuration Tool such as the one above.
Now that the Setup Options window is up, we will have to set a few things. After completing each of the steps below, if it asks to reboot the Pi, please do so. After the reboot, if you don’t get the “Setup Options” screen, then follow the command given above to get the screen/window.
The first thing to do:
select the first option in the list of the setup options window, that is select the “Expand Filesystem” option and hit the enter key. We do this to make use of all the space present on the SD card as a full partition. All this does is, expand the OS to fit the whole space on the SD card which can then be used as the storage memory for the Pi.
The second thing to do:
select the third option in the list of the setup options window, that is select the “Enable Boot To Desktop/Scratch” option and hit the enter key. It will take you to another window called the “choose boot option” window that looks like the image below.
In the “choose boot option window” , select the second option, that is, “Desktop Log in as user ‘pi’ at the graphical desktop” and hit the enter button. Once done you will be taken back to the “Setup Options” page, if not select the “OK” button at the bottom of this window and you will be taken back to the previous window. We do this because we wan to boot into the desktop environment which we are familiar with. If we don’t do this step then the Raspberry Pi boots into a terminal each time with no GUI options.
Once, both the steps are done, select the “finish” button at the bottom of the page and it should reboot automatically. If it doesn’t, then use the following command in the terminal to reboot.
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